2020-12-14 at 18:22 · amanda · Comments Off on Regardless of the heterosexuality that is overwhelming of news representations…
Regardless of the overwhelming heterosexuality of main-stream media representations, portrayals of homosexual and lesbian people on tv are becoming notably more prevalent since 1997 whenever Ellen became the initial tv program to possess a go gay character that is leading. This enhance is seen into the introduction of homosexual figures on numerous programs such as for instance Spin City, ER, Dawson’s Creek, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, in addition to demonstrates that give attention to homosexual figures in leading roles such as for example Will and Grace and it is All general. In addition, cable channels have included programs such as for instance Queer as Folk, Six Feet Under, and Oz that depict homosexual figures in more plot that is complex sufficient reason for more explicit sexual habits.
Even though existence of lgbt characters could have increased recently on both commercial broadcast and cable systems, it really is unclear exactly exactly how often television addresses the intimate dilemmas and issues of intimate minorities.
As noted early in the day, when homosexual and characters that are lesbian been a part of programs, they will have usually been portrayed in asexual contexts. Furthermore, almost all of exactly exactly what happens to be posted up to now about homosexuality and tv happens to be qualitative (including show that is single studies), centering on exactly just just how particular programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although many content analyses have actually examined the quantity of sexual content shown on tv generally speaking (Cope Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et al., 1993; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope Farrar, Biely, Maynard Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported in the prevalence of intimate portrayals and speak about sexual problems associated with gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.
This paper centers on variables evaluating content that is nonheterosexual had been included as an element of two bigger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US tv.
Information through the 2001 2002 and 2002 2003 tv periods are acclimatized to respond to questions concerning the prevalence and regularity of sexual behavior and talk that is sexual to nonheterosexuals. Especially, the information analyses address two research that is broad: (1) as to the extent are nonheterosexual intimate themes, especially intimate behavior and speak about sex, present in tv programming general and just just what habits emerge across system genres, community kinds, and prime time versus nonprime time programming? (2) When nonheterosexual intimate content does happen, what is its frequency and just how does it differ across genres, style of system, and prime time versus nonprime time development?
A 3 composite week sampling plan ended up being utilized to have two big yearly random examples of tv programs of interest that is greatest to adolescents and therefore were comprehensive of all portions for the tv industry. Programs had been taped from 11 channels 6 commercial broadcast systems (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable systems (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One on One); WB, which tailors its programming to white youth, with programs such as Gilmore Girls, 7th Heaven, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which shows music videos and other programs (e.g., dating reality shows) watched by many teens and young adults because the content analyses were part of a larger research project on television exposure and adolescent sexuality, several networks were included because of their appeal to young audiences including UPN, which televises a substantial number of programs with young African American characters ( e.g.
Composite week sampling designs were utilized in past analysis that is content to acquire representative types of tv development (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997). This sampling strategy involves randomly picking times of the week or certain time slots for recording over many weeks to lessen prospective bias that might be introduced if all taping had been done in just a solitary calendar week. Recording of this test happened mainly more than a 7 week duration when you look at the autumn every year. Because season premiere episodes are staggered for the thirty days of September, we started taping when all nonsyndicated show had been showing episodes through the present period. Each three different days of the week were randomly selected for taping from all 11 stations, with all seven days of the week represented three times in the sample week. The 8 hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (of which time many youth are away from college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (like those which is why the satellite sign ended up being lost or even the show was pre empted by sporting or other unique events) continued through the winter time.